Oxidation Catalyst: Benefits, Limitations, and Examples
Oxidation catalysts are a new development in the field of chemical reactions. The catalyst is used to speed up oxidation processes, known for centuries but have previously required lengthy timeframes and large amounts of energy input.
Oxidations can be achieved with enzymes within living organisms or via metal oxide compounds called oxidizing agents. In the latter case, oxidation is generally irreversible. Thus, using an oxidation catalyst can reduce reaction times but does not typically change whether or not a process is reversible.
Benefits of oxidation catalyst:
-Increases the speed of oxidation
-Reduces energy input
-Increases the selectivity of oxidizing agents
-Reduce reaction time
-Increases yield of product or can reduce the amount used in the process
-environmental benefits due to reduced energy input and carbon dioxide emissions
-increased production efficiency of certain products such as biodiesel or acetic acid.
Limitations of oxidation catalyst:
– It is still being researched and developed, so it is expensive compared to traditional methods. Also, many are still not completely understood.
-Not all oxidations are reversible, so the process may not work for some reactions, depending on their mechanism.
-Currently, only specific types of catalysts exist due to current research limitations, but more will continue to be discovered as understanding increases.
A recent example of this technology was a group that made carbon-neutral fuels with biofuel production. Biofuels are fuels derived from biomass, which is a renewable resource. In this process, the carbon-neutral energy was created using an enzyme catalyst and with minimal environmental impact.
This process has been used to develop biofuels for use in cars or planes, but they have not been made with low emissions or little input of other materials. The study achieved this through the use of enzymes and a new type of oxidation catalyst that have been combined in one process.
This is an important step toward making biofuel production more environmentally friendly, reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation while also having less input material needed for fuel creation.
In another example, acetic acid, the product of vinegar fermentation, is currently made industrially using a method that involves oxidation by passing air through concentrated acetic acid.
Unfortunately, this process results in losses due to side reactions and low yields (approximately 15%), increasing manufacturers’ costs. However, researchers have now found that if certain types of catalysts are used within this process, then the yield of acetic acid can increase to approximately 99% with lower energy input.
In conclusion, oxidation catalysts can increase the speed and efficiency of chemical reactions while also reducing energy input. It is a new technology that has already been used in many cases; however, we still have much to learn about these materials and how they work within different processes.